However Vastu shastra plays a vital role in Indian homes, it is also equally cherishes the amount of respect to every office buildings, placing of water tanks, compound walls etc….So here in this article we shall discuss the other buildings placements and vastu and how it is efficiently balanced and designed.

Situation of plot:

A land that was a burial ground, or a crematorium is not suitable for living. Ideally it should be flat level ground. A land on a hill is also not a suitable. If it is on a slope, then the land sloping down toward the north or east is ok but if it is sloping to the west it is not good.
A valley or a large pit around the land or a depression in the land is inauspicious.
A plot situated between two larger plots is not good as it brings poverty.
If the plot is next to a bridge it is not auspicious – particularly if the bridge is on the north or east side. You can compromise if it is on the south or west side. Don’t buy a plot with obstructions like hills, tall buildings or towers on the north, north east or east sides as the sun’s rays will be blocked. However such things on the west or south sides are auspicious as they bring health, wealth and happiness as they block the harmful western rays.

For other details about vastu click the below link:

Similarly water source located on the southwest side of a building will bring misery. If the plot has a well, swimming pool, lake, river or a stream flowing on the north east it is auspicious.
If there is an electrical power supply station or large electric pole on the north east side of the plot it is not good for the vibrations.
The plot should not be within twice the distance of the height of the house to any public place like temple, hospital, factory etc. If the distance is more than that then it is ok. The house should be at least 80 ft or more away from any temple. The gate should not face a temple and the shadow of a temple should not fall on the house.
Avoid plots near a meat shop, workshop, laundry, shoe shop, etc.
The fence or the boundary wall should be higher on the west and south and lower on the north and east sides.
Roads near the plot: A plot with a road running straight at any of its four main sides has its effects.
This is called Veedhi Shoola or Therukuthu. Please note this is different from roads
running along the sides.

The plot with roads running along on all four sides is the best. It brings health, wealth and happiness.
The plot with roads running along on three sides – on the north, west, and east is not so
good. Roads on the north, south, and west is also not so good.
It is inauspicious if there are three roads only on the east, south, and west.
If there are roads on only the east and north side, that is good.
If there are roads on the west and north, it is average.
The plot with a road running along and ending at the northeast corner is very good. But if
the road ends on any other part of the plot it is usually not good.
A road on the east or north side of the plot is good, but a road on the south or west side is
not so good.
The plot on a T or Y intersection is not auspicious.
The best plot is the square one followed by the rectangular one. The four sides of the plot
should be towards the four main directions. A hexagon shaped plot ( 8 even sides) is also

Direction of plot:

The direction that the front of a property faces is important. Plot facing East is good for scholars, philosophers, priests, professors, teachers etc.
Plot facing North is good for those in power, administration and those who work for
Plot facing South is good for business class and for those who work in business

Plot facing West is for those who provide supporting services to the society.
If the plot of land does not squarely face the four cardinal directions, and if the road does
not run in one of the four cardinal directions, the house should be built facing the four

Vastu for plot:

Shape and size of the plot: The best shapes for plots of land are square or rectangular,
facing squarely on the four cardinal directions.
It is good if the plot is narrower at the entrance and wider at its rear, but the opposite is
not good.
Round, oval, and triangular plots should be avoided. The house should not be built in the
shape of a diamond, with the corner facing north. L-shaped plots are also inauspicious
and should not be purchased.
If the land is cut in the corner this is not good. If possible the land to fill in the missing
corner should be purchased. If the land is cut short on the northeast side it is very bad
and is not auspicious; do not purchase it. It is like a headless body.
A land tilt of 20 degrees, off square by 20 degrees, is acceptable. If the plot is rectangular,
it is better that the longer sides run north to south rather than west to east. The best
properties are either square or rectangular. If the plot is not a perfect rectangle, it is best if
at least the southwest and southeast sides of the land are at 90º angles from one another.
The southwest side of the quadrilateral should definitely not be extended past the
southeast side, even if that means giving away a portion of the plot. Land that extends
past the northeast side of the quadrilateral, however, brings wealth, happiness, and good
name. Land extending on the northeast side is very good. Extensions on any other side
are inauspicious. Extensions of the northwest side will cause you to lose money and

Vastu size and slope for plot:

Sloping of the Plot: The north east half of the plot is called the Solar half and the South
half is called the Lunar half. Ideally the Solar half should be lower and the Lunar half
should be higher. This ensures the ideal flow of light, solar energy & polar energy from
east and north and water flows from West to East and from South to North. This type of
plot brings joy and happiness, good children and all the success in life to the occupants of
the building erected on it.
Avoid plots humped at the center and sloping on all sides. Same with the plots that are
depressed at the center.
The north east side of the land should be the lowest side. If the northeast side is at a
higher elevation than other sides of the property, you can dig soil from that one side and
use it to build up the other parts. The land should either slope down toward the north or
east, but not toward the west or south. Land sloping north brings riches, sloping east
brings good fortune, sloping south brings ruin, and sloping west brings financial loss. The
following chart illustrates the details.

Soil & land: While purchasing land, it is ideal to buy land that can be cultivated, i.e., where
the vegetation can grow. Land with too many rocks, worms, bones and thorny trees is not
considered good. If it is high at the center and sloping towards the sides it is not good.
During the ancient days, the color of the soil was selected as per the Varna, or Cast.
White soil is good for the Brahmans, red for the Kshatriyas, yellow for the Vaisyas and
black for sudras. It was advised to dig 12 ft down. If the soil is black up to 3 ft down and
white or red below that, the land is suitable.
Black and clayey soil is not good for building. If the soil is crumbly rock, money comes
without effort. Yellow soil is ideal for the business community.
The materials that come up during the excavation for construction are indicators of the
following results:

Materials Results:

  1. Stone Increase of wealth
  2. Bricks All types of wealth and prosperity in future
  3. Copper or Metals Prosperous life
  4. Coal Sickness and loss of wealth
  5. Bones of animals Obstacles to progress
  6. Snake or Scorpion Fear of these animals and obstruction to building’s progress
  7. Anthill, Termites Destruction of wealth, reduction in longivity of life
  8. Straw, eggs Death,Unnecessary expenses
  9. Cotton Sorrow
  10. Pieces of wood Has to abondon the house and run away
  11. Skull Unwanted quarrels, litigation
  12. Horns of cow wealth and prosperity
  13. Gold, Silver, Coins All type of comforts
  14. Zinc, Brass pieces Fortune and comforts
  15. Rags (torn clothes) Quarrels and fights
  16. Iron or steel pieces Death

Soil types:

According to King Bhoj, the ancient Indian Vastu Specialist, dig a 2′x2′x2′ hole
and then fill it up again. If some soil left over after filling, the land is good. If there is no soil
left after filling up, it is average. If the hole is not fully filled, it is not good. This is the test
to determine the soil’s natural moisture, density and aeration.
Dig a 2′x2′x2′ hole and fill it with water. If the time taken to absorb the water is more than
an hour, it is good. After the water is absorbed, if there are many cracks in the hole the
foundation of the house must be extra strong and will cost more.
From whom to purchase: According to Vastu sastra you should not purchase land from
the following types of people:
1) From those who have became insolvent.
2) From person suffering from leprosy.
3) From lunatics.
4) From people who have left the country.
What not to purchase: Land donated to a temple, allotted to the watchman of the village
or colony, land in possession of charitable trusts, land without any title deed should not be

Vastu construction boundary and well or pump:
After choosing and purchasing land, plants should be grown on the land.
Also, if possible, keep a cow and her calf on the land for a while to make it more
Before starting the construction a Bhoomi Pooja ritual should be performed. The land
should be installed at an auspicious time, during an auspicious constellation. Mondays
and Thursdays
are auspicious days for such rituals. Ideally, a qualified astrologer should
set the time of installation.
Worship should be done in the northeast corner of the land.
Before installing the land, it should be cleared. Dirt, stones, holes in the ground, and trash
should be removed. Thorny bushes should also be uprooted and removed.
The installation should not be done if a woman in the household is more than seven
months pregnant. The groundbreaking ceremony for the house should only be done
during the Uttarayan period, when the sun is in the northern hemisphere, and when the
days are longer than the nights, from June 21 through December 20.
Construction should not stop once it begins. Workers should not be unnecessarily pushed
to speed up their work; work for the day should stop at sunset. No construction should be
done at night. A qualified engineer should always oversee the construction.
Building materials should be stored in the southwest corner of the property during
construction. The storage area or structure can also be built in the southeast corner, at
least 1m (3 ft) from the property boundary. The guard should stay in a house in the
southeast corner. Thieves will be a danger if the guard stays in the northwest corner, and
the guard should not stay in the southwest corner.
Order of construction: the well, the storage house, and then the boundary wall.

Building Material:
Only new bricks, wood, and materials should be used when building a new house.
Materials from an old building should not usually be used to build a new one in case those
old materials repeat negative incidents that occurred in the old house. There is
unhappiness in using old things. If there are old materials available, better to sell them and use the money to buy new materials.
Wood from thorny trees should not be used, as it will have a negative effect. Materials
that have been stored for a long time should also not be used. Iron grills should only be
used when needed.

Well or Water Source:
It is advised that the first construction project for the new house is to dig the well. If water
is used from this well for the construction, it is auspicious for the family who will live in the
house. It is best that the well or water source is on the north or northeast side of the land,
or if water comes from the municipality, it should enter from the northeast side. If you
draw a line from the southeast corner to the northeast corner, the well should be to the
right or left of the line, not on it.
The well can also be in the north or east sides of the property. The well should not be in
the northwest or southeast corners, as this is inauspicious. It is especially inauspicious if
the well is dug in the southwest corner. It is also inauspicious to have a well in the middle
of a house.
Wells should be round. Ideally, the well water should be exposed to sunlight for five hours
a day. It is not recommended to share wells between two properties.
The well should be dug after pooja (worship) has been performed on the land at an
astrologically auspicious time. This will insure that the water will be pure.
The well should be dug under an auspicious star, such as Rohini, Hasta, Uttara
Bhadrapada, Uttara,
etc. It should be dug on an auspicious day—a Monday, Wednesday,
Thursday, or Friday.
The well should be dug during a downward-facing constellation or
star, such as, Krittika, Purva Phalguni, Mula, Bharani, Ashlesha, Purva Bhadrapada, or
Purvashadha.Water departing from the kitchen and bathroom should flow to the northeast
and leave the house from this side.

Storage Room:
The storage areas should be located in the northwest part of the building, but not in the
north or east. The storage room door should not be on the southwest side of the room.
Storage cabinets should be located on the west or north sides of the room. Butter, ghee,
oil, and cooking gas should be kept in the southeast corner.

Compound Wall and Gate:

The compound wall should be built before the house is constructed. Construction should
begin during an auspicious constellation, and on a favorable day—a Monday,
Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday. It should also be begun during an auspicious day of the
lunar month—Pratipada, Panchami, Shashthi, Dashami, Ekadashi, or Purnima. The
compound wall should not be higher than the house, and construction of it should begin
on the southwest side.
The southwest part of the wall should be higher than the rest of the wall. The walls on the
north and east sides should be 53cm (21 inches) shorter than on the west and south
sides. If this is not possible, then the north and east sides should be a minimum of 8cm (3
inches) shorter.
Do not set the gate on the south side. It is best that there are two gates to the compound,
so evil things entering one gate will exit from the other.
Obstructions in front of the main gate: Several types of obstructions before the main gate
must be avoided as they give rise to the following problems according to Brahusanhita &
Vasturaja Vallabha.
Big Tree – obstruction to the progress of children,
Gutter or Ditch – grief,
Open well – mental problem,
Corner of another building – mental unrest,
Water drain – draining of income by unwanted expenses,
Straight street – affecting longivity of inmates,
Dilapitated house or walls – affecting prosperity,
Staircase railings – sadness

Pillars; Electric and telephone post – affecting females.
These are called Vedha Doshas. But in between the plot and obstacles if there is a public
road, these deficiencies are nullified.
Similarly, if the distance between the obstacles and the house is two times the height of
the house, these deficiencies will have no effect. For example, if the height of the house is
11 feet and if the obstructions are more than 22 feet away, Vedh Dosha does not occur.

Vastu for basement:
Basements should ideally not be built under the entire house. If that is impossible, use
only the northeast section. Heavy equipment can be kept on the south and west sides.
It is best that the basement should only be in the northeast side of a house. It can also be
located on the east side of the house. It should not, however, be located only on the
south, southeast, or west side.
The floor of the basement should slope downward towards the northeast. The walls
should be at least 3m (9 ft) high. The basement should be painted white but should not be
blue. The heater, water heater, or electrical panels should be in the southeast corner of
the basement.
Since sunrays do not enter basements, this highly reduces the basement’s positive effect
on the persons living in them. Therefore, a basement should not be used for living as far
as possible. Basements are also not good places to conduct business. The basement’s
effects will be improved if one-fourth of the basement is above ground.

Vastu for water tank:
Overhead Water Tank
The overhead water tank should be in the southwest (best) or west corners of the
building. An overhead water tank should not be located in the northeast or southeast
corners, or in the middle of the roof. It is also best that it is not located in the northwest
unless the tank is small and is located approximately 1m (2 or 3 ft) from the building’s
corner. The tank should be elevated at least 1m (2 or 3 ft) above the roof, on a platform.
If possible, the tank should not be made of plastic. If it must be plastic, however, it should
either be black or dark blue plastic, because such colors aid the absorption of sunlight. A
dark water tank while absorbing sun for heat doesn’t encourage microbial growth as
quickly as a light-colored tank would do.
If possible, there should be different tanks for the kitchen and bathrooms.

Vastu for first floor and upper floors:
It is best that there are more doors and windows on the north and east sides of the
building. There should be fewer windows and doors on the upper floors than on the lower
ones. It is also said that the number of doors and windows on the upper floor should not
equal the amount of doors and windows on the ground floor.
The ceiling height of the rooms on the upper floor should be less than the ceiling height of
the rooms on the ground floor.
If only part of the upper floor is used, this part should be built in the southwest area.
The balcony should be on the north, east, or northeast side. The balcony should not be in
the southwest corner.
Bedrooms and studie room should be located on the upper floor. A storage area for heavy
items should be located on the lower floor, and not the upper.

Vastu for office:

First of all an ideal site, free from any of Vastu defects should be selected. After selecting
the site, in designing a lay-out for industry and providing for utilities special attention
should be paid for the following aspects :

The sloping of floors should be towards East, North and North-East, More open space
should be left in the East and North side.
Building’s height can be equal in all sides, otherwise South and Western sides should not
be taller in height as compared to East and North.
Well, bore well, underground reservoir, sink, pools, swimming pools etc. should be
located in North-East or Eastern zone, preferably between Mid East and North East.
Stair cases should always be provided in South West part of the building.
Overhead water tank may be erected in South West, South or West. Its height should be
more than that of buildings height in North East corner.
Toilets may be placed in North West or South East. North East and South West corners
should be strictly avoided for this purpose.
Weigh bridge or weighing machines may be placed in North West or Central East.
Parking of heavy vehicles like trucks, tractors, trolleys or cranes etc, should be on the
roads outside or if it is to be inside, they should be parked in South West zone.
Cycles, scooter, cars, light commercial vehicles can be parked in North West, North or
East side
of buildings. North East should always be free from any parking of vehicles.
Lawns with big avenue trees can be developed on South and West sides.
Small lawns with fountains etc (without big trees) can be developed in North East, North
and East
also. Here only small plants can be grown.

Administrative and other office blocks:

They can be constructed in North, East, South or South West keeping the heights of these buildings lower than that of main factory.
Staff quarters may be built on East without touching East wall, in North, West or South
Multi storied flats may be constructed in South zone without touching main factory

Vastu advise and tips:

General useful tips about construction, placement etc.
If which room should be constructed in which direction is not kept in mind while planning a
house, the whole building may go against the principles Vastu Shastra and it will create
lot of troubles causing irreparable harms and loss to the owner / inmates.
The other things which must be kept in mind are:
Doors of each room should be facing East.
Bedrooms should be in South and West.
Placement of mirrors on South and West wall are inauspicious.
While sleeping head should be in South or West but never in North.
Pooja room should be in North East. All idols and photographs should be facing East or

Toilet seat should be in North-South only. It should not be in East-West.
Out houses should not touch the compound wall of North and East side.
Stairs should always be in clock-wise direction.
Anything underground should be in North or East.
Anything above ground should be in South or West.
Porch should not touch the North or East compound wall.
Big trees should not be grown in North or East. They should be in South or West side of
the house.
Face East or North while reading or transacting any business deal.

Face East while cooking, West is allowed if there is no alternative, but never face South
while cooking.
Total number of doors and windows should be in even number for each floor, but should
not end in zero like 10, 20, 30. The width of the door should be half the height of the door.
The door should not be too high, too low, too wide or too narrow. The doors should be
rectangular and square doors should always be avoided.
Ventilation should be looked after and good cross ventilation should be present.
Never put the poster of crying girl, war scene, sexy scenes, angry man, owl, eagle etc.
They are inauspicious.
Doors should open inside the room and not outside.
In bed rooms, always use bed of four legs only. Never use box type bed because it stops
the air circulation under the bed which is bad for health.
Never eat or drink in standing position.
No room should be built under the stairs.
The cupboard in the wall should be in the Southern or Western part direction of the
In these kitchen, grinder, fridge, shelf and other heavy items should be towards South and
West wall.

There should be no water body in front of any entrance door of the house.
The ratio between length and breadth of the building should normally be 1:1 or 1:1.5 or
maximum 1:2
. It should not exceed 1:2 in all circumstances. The building dimension
should preferably be longer in North-South, shorter in East-West.
Ground level should be higher in West, South West and South as compared to East,
North and North East. It is better to keep North East the lowest.
Floor level should be higher in South, South West, South East and Western portion and
lower in North, North East and East. The water should flow towards East or North and not
in other directions. Central zone should be even.
It is better to keep roofing sloping towards East and North.

Now a days it has become a fashion to keep roofs sloping deeply :
(1.) Keeping the roofs sloppy symmetrically in all sides : or
(2.) If the slope is on East or North sides only, keeping the East or North or both sides
down. The idea is to keep South and West heights in level. Slanting towards South or
West only should be avoided as that will lead to serious health problems.
There are two options for building height:
(1.) Height can be equal every where in the building.
(2.) Keeping South, South West and West higher as compared to other parts of the
Conversely North, North East and East should be lower in heights.
Terrace, portico, porch & balconies should be located only in North, East and North East
of the building to bring health, wealth and happiness. Balconies should face North
and East.
The mezzanine floor should be placed in West or South side of the building.
Normally building cellars and basement rooms etc. below the road level of a house should
be avoided. Due to paucity of space now a days building cellars or basement is being
widely adopted. Care should be taken to keep the height of the cellar or basement
projecting up above the road level to some extent. Cellars or basement covering the
entire plot is all right. If it is to be constructed only in a portion of basement it should be
located only in North, North East and East sides preferably with entrance from North East.
If constructed on South West that should be used for heavy storage. North West and
South West portion should be used for servants, car parking etc.
If cellars or basement are built in South, South West and West and used for living that will
create mental tension and loss of wealth for inmates.
Placing stair case in North or West zone turning right in the middle and emerging in the
first floor facing East or South or South West zone is also auspicious. While climbing one
should face West or South up to middle point and after that one can face any direction;
emerging at the end at North East portion is considered auspicious

It will be auspicious to keep doors both at beginning and at the end of the stair case. It is
also essential to ensure that the stair case does not touch Eastern or Northern wall.
The steps should be in odd numbers like 11, 17, 23 etc. In other words, if the number is
divided by 3, the remainder.
The best place to construct servant quarter is South-East or North-West corners. Care
should be taken to ensure (i) not to block the corners at South East or North West. (ii) the
quarters should not touch the walls on East or North.
The best place for garage is South-East or North-West and the garage walls should not
touch the walls on East or North.

The guard room:

A regular concrete shelter or alternatively a wooden chowki is made in
South West or other place near main gate. The shelter should be facing East or North. It
is important to ensure that the watchman can easily see every movement from a distance
North West or South West zones are the right places for overhead tank. Since it is of
having weight at a height, South-West is the best. Precaution should be taken to ensure
that the overhead tank does not touch the main building.
The right place for underground reservoir or water tank is the North East, the place of
Eshwar, the God Supreme
. The next choice is East Zone on the Northern side.
The best place to locate a swimming pool is the North East side. It is better to build the
swimming pool in a corner ( and not exactly at junction of North and East points ) where
privacy is ensured. For this Southern or Western side should be used. South-West or North-West corners and central place of the house or building should never be used for this purpose. If
possible Eastern and Northern side should also be avoided. The person sitting in water
closets should face North or South or South-West and never the East Direction.
Vastu concepts regarding the plants and their plantation must be kept in mind so as to
make your home not just superficially beautiful, but also Vastu oriented. As a general rule,
gardens in homes or factories should always be in the North or West and of the compound. The South-East and South-West are not to be selected for any kind of garden
or plantation. Fruit bearing trees or trees with good foliage are always preferred to thorny
trees. Care should be taken not to grow trees which have huge penetrating roots as it can
prove harmful for the house.
Generally gates in North, North-East and East directions are auspicious and good. Road
facing South is not generally preferred. In South road plots, South West gate should be
avoided. South-East gate is a better choice. In a plot facing West (road on Western side)
South West main entrance gate should be avoided; North West gate is a better option.
East or North direction is the best for placing main gate.
Height of the building should be uniform to get the most advantageous results. There
must be uniformity among projections or elevations.
It is best if the building’s walls are higher on the west and south sides and lower on the
north and east sides.
Also, the south and west walls should be thicker than the north and
east walls, if possible. The building’s floor and roof should be higher on the south and
west sides, lower on the north and east sides. Neither the ground nor the building should
be higher in the northeast than in the southwest. Rooms in the House
Furniture, such as sofas, should be placed in the southeast, south, or west sides of a
room. The house’s owner should sit facing north or east, and his guests should sit facing
west or south.
It is best that the northeast corner of each room in the house be left empty. If furniture
must be set in the northeast corner, it should be set 15cm (six inches) from the wall.
Do not align doors within the house. One door should not lead directly into another.
It is best when a student studies that he face north, northeast, or east. Therefore a table
in a study room should be placed in the south or west sides of the room. Books should be
stored in the southwest side of the room.
Do not keep money in a place facing south.
When one prays, he should face either north or east.
Beds should face either west or south to insure that when a person rises in the morning,
he is facing either north or east. While asleep, one should place his head to the south,
east, or west, not north.

If one’s place of worship is in the bedroom (in the northeast), one should sleep with his
head facing east to avoid pointing his feet toward the altar.
Mirrors should be placed on the north or east walls, not on the south or west walls. Do not
keep broken mirrors in the house.
Clocks should be placed on the west, north, or east walls.
should be washed in the southeast corner of the house.
Medicine should be kept in the northeast corner of the house, and a person should face
northeast while taking it. It is best to nurse those who are ill in the southwest corner of the
house, although the northwest corner is also good.
Rainwater and wastewater should leave the house from the northeast side. It should flow
west to east or south to north.
There should be an even number of columns and beams in the house, not odd.
Doors should generally be made from a single piece of wood and should open on the left
A television can be placed in the southeast side of a room. An overhead water tank
should be located in the southwest side of a building.
Stairways should be on the south, southwest, or west sides of a building.
Certain pictures should not be hung in a house such as nudes, animals fighting, captured
elephants, hunting scenes, trees without fruits or flowers, snakes, owls, bats, vultures and

Hope this article helpful!

Let’s connect.

To know more about vastu and its history do check my previous article…


By sruthi_sujendran

An Architect!! "An amateur writer"... "An optimistic personality looking on the bright side of life " &"smile in the face"!!

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